Lesson 19:

Alexandra teaches addition

Alexandra introduces addition by showing her class how to find the sums of random pairs of numbers. She writes the numbers on the whiteboard and uses the plus and equals signs accordingly, for example…

 7 + 9 = 16

The Alternative Lesson Plan

Many children have learned successfully with this lesson.  But for those continuing to struggle, the alternative lesson plan is as follows:

  • Teach young children addition in concrete ways, without using writing.

Some children may struggle to learn concepts presented through writing and pen-and-paper formats.  These children need more concrete and meaningful presentations of this information, such as through physical objects.

  • Modify the sequence of the steps of the numbers lesson.

Some children struggle with abstract concepts and are sensitive to the sequence in which information is presented during a lesson. For these children, it is better not to start the lesson with actual numbers and symbols (such as the plus and equal signs), and to first present the concept of addition through more concrete means.

  • Make sure the information does not appear random to children.

Although some children may be successful in finding the sums of random pairs of numbers, they may still struggle to apply addition to a story problem or real-life context.  These children need methods that help bridge the gap between doing random addition exercises and applying the information in a real-life situation.

Improve your instruction of young learners

To learn the specific methods for teaching this lesson correctly, please see Programs and Get the Books.