# Lesson 10:

## Don teaches the numbers one to five

Don is teaching the numbers one to five. He writes each number in a vertical line sequence and draws the corresponding quantity of circles next to each number. For example, he draws one circle next to the number 1, draws two circles next to the number 2, draws three circles next to the number 3, etc. Don then points out each number and the amount of circles to the children.

###### Why this lesson falls short for some children...

Don’s lesson falls short for several reasons. First, teaching young children concepts in a pen-and-paper format is not developmentally appropriate. Children need more concrete and meaningful presentations of information.

Second, Don has not followed the proper sequence of steps for this lesson. The introduction of the numbers (numerical symbols) is premature, as the children should first understand the concept through more concrete means.

Third, understanding the numbers one to five entails knowledge of three separate concepts: numeral recognition, one-to-one correspondence, and oral counting. This lesson has not portrayed these three concepts in a clear manner.

Fourth, there is no relevant context to the lesson in which the children can apply the use of the numbers to a real-life situation.

### Learn to teach this lesson properly

- Teach the numbers using concrete methods, such as physical objects, instead of pen-and-paper formats.
- Correctly sequence the steps of the numbers lesson for young children.
- Teach the numbers in ways which help children to later apply the information to the real-life context.
- Teach all relevant mini-concepts pertinent to understanding numbers.

### Improve your instruction of young learners

To learn the specific methods for teaching this lesson correctly, please see **Programs** and **Get the Books**.