Lesson 1:

Sally teaches the letter Mm with a worksheet

To teach the letter Mm, Sally downloads a worksheet from the internet that contains pictures of various objects. Sally has the children draw circles around the objects that start with the letter Mm, such as a monkey, a moose, and a mandarin.

The Alternative Lesson Plan

Many children have learned successfully with this lesson.  But those who continue to struggle need an alternative lesson plan as follows:

  • Teach with concrete methods, without using worksheets.

Young children may struggle with abstract, higher-order thinking and need concepts to be portrayed in a much more meaningful and concrete manner than a worksheet or pen-and-paper activity. Seatwork can also cause young children to become bored and restless, which hinders their learning.

  • Mirror the same thought processes as used in the real-life context.

Some children need the lesson to reflect the exact same thought process required to apply the information in the real-life reading and writing situation.  Although circling pictures of objects that start with the letter Mm is pertinent to literacy, for some children it is not enough to develop the letter-sound knowledge needed to decode or write words with the letter Mm.

  • Teach all the letters together as they occur in the real world.

Although some children appear successful when learning the letters one at a time, the information can seem random when they try to apply it to real-life reading or writing contexts. These children need techniques that allow them to learn all the letters together as they naturally occur in the real world.

Improve your instruction of young learners

To learn the specific methods for teaching this lesson, please see Programs and Get the Books.